Historical Landmarks in Constantza

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The Casino

 

The Casino is the symbol building of the city and the best-known historical monument in Constanta, although, when built, it was criticized and compared to a hearse.

Its official inauguration, on August 15, 1910, was also attended by Prince Ferdinand, and Queen Elizabeth hosted cultural evening receptions at the Casino in Constanta.

The history of the edifice designed by the architect Daniel Renard in Art Nouveau style is both long and complicated.

From a place where the high society gathered to have a good time, in August 1916, the Casino was turned into a Red Cross campaign hospital, during World War I. The building was hit by shrapnel and, subsequently, the authorities had it restored.

In 1941, the Casino was invaded by the German troops and, in the same year, it was affected by the Russian bombing. Repaired after 10 years, it later had other purposes as well.

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The Communal Palace

 

The Communal Palace was the first headquarters built for Constanta City Hall, 18 years after the Union of Dobrudja with Romania. Inaugurated in 1896, the building was made in neo-Romanian style, according to the project of the architect Ion Socolescu.

The used constructive and decorative elements, specific to traditional buildings and worship edifices, led the locals to believe that it was a church, so many people used to make the sign of the cross when they arrived in front of the building.

For over sixty years, this palace used to be headquarters of  the Post and Telegraph Department, and since 1970, the building, now a historic monument, houses the Folk Art Museum of Constanta, which has more than 17,000 exhibits, representative for Romania, and for the ethnic groups in Dobrudja.

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